DIVERGENT THINKING - ORDER OF THE DAY: SIR KEN ROBINSON ABOUT THE CREATIVE APPROACH TO EDUCATION
The famous British scientist and ideologist of creative techniques of building the educational processes–Sir Ken Robinson (http://sirkenrobinson.com/ ) has been advocating the need to fundamentally rebuild the traditional education system for a long time. The researcher reasonably claims that it’s been a while since such system has lost its right to be called up-to-date. It isn't able to satisfy the real intellectual demands of the society. The present realities and moreover – the future economies require not just carriers of the static and continuously becoming outdated knowledge, but thinkers – people able to creatively handle complex practical tasks, offer alternative methods of achieving the relevant purposes of work, develop continuously and independently generate and improve knowledge. Sir Robinson believes that the person is inherently able to think independently. However, the traditional education (which developed in the 19th century andis still mechanically functioning) is focused not so much on the development of brainpower of the personality, but on the formal procedure of transferring information to such individuals. At the same time, today we have much more effective information transfer methods than schools or universities (IT and the Internet). Therefore educational institutions must refocus their attention from providing students with data and making them thoughtlessly store it (most of this data will be inevitably and irretrievably forgotten) to developing the creative potential and brainpower of people throughout their entire lives.
NEAR FUTURE EDUCATION PROTOTYPE
The world famous popularizer of science, author of such best-selling books as"Introduction to Superstrings and M-Theory", "Physics of the Impossible", "Physics of the Future", professor of theoretical physics at The City College of New York, MichioKaku:
Future education will not be based on memorization anymore.
Due to Internet resources and the information technologies, disengagedmental reserve will be reoriented towards thedevelopment of the ability to think, analyze, argue and in the endmake the correct decisions.
People will start educating themselves, actually understanding what kind of knowledge they need. And if an advice is needed, they will easily get it from the most authoritative experts through the open information resources.
Undoubtedly, the online system of knowledge distribution will determine education inthe nearest 50 years.
Universities will exist, but these will bemainly the virtual higher education institutions offering courses based on the cloud system.
Those attending lectures in the traditional educational institutions will be considered losers. People will say about them: “He was not able to build this education himself.”
Diplomas will disappear as unnecessary, primarily because the education will no longer be limited by any temporal or spatial restrictions.
Certification centers will apparently appear. Here specialists will take qualifying exams, defining the set of skills and competences. Depending on the result, the person will receive or not receive a certain position.Therefore, universities are turning into the providers of services not assessing these services themselves anymore.
In order to achieve real success, we’ll need to develop skillsnot available to robots: creativity, imagination, initiative, leadership. Society is gradually moving from a commodity economy to the intellectual and creative one.
The first thing you have to learn, if you want to succeed in the future, is not to worry about being different, to accept full responsibility for your life, and to be ready to change everything at once and follow the new path.
The current system of education is training the professionals of the past. We teach them to make them ready for the job that no longer exists. We provide them with intellectual tools which have stopped being effective years ago. That explains high unemployment rates all around the globe.
Widow of the Apple founder, Steve Jobs, and initiator of "XQ: The Super School Project" - Laurene Powell Jobs:
We want to improve the system of public education and introduce a new global doctrine of development of the higher education, which is urged to bring outdated schemes to the level of the modern technological progress.
The system was created for the work force we needed 100 years ago; we’re saying, “Start from scratch”.
Our main goalis to give the teenagers and young people an opportunity to freely choose their destiny and to live, realizing their potentialcompletely. Their self-confidence is the mover of innovations!